flask or django for beginner
If you’re a beginner Python learner, you might be wondering which web framework is right for you. Flask and Django are among the most popular Python web frameworks, even thought there are other options out there (like Tornado, Pyramid, and Sanic). So, should you learn Flask or Django for beginner projects?

Before you make the decision, you should first understand the features of both frameworks. Flask is lightweight, easy to learn, and would be better if you’re looking at building smaller projects. In addition, it’s un-opinionated and will let you decide how to implement things. This is great for developing a better understanding of programming.

Django is a heavier framework and it can be harder to figure out how things fit together. But once you get into it, Django’s extra functionality could prove to be useful. 

What is Python, Flask, and Django

You should already be familiar with Python, one of the most popular programming languages, both for general use and high-level programming. Python programming can be used for developing websites, GUI applications, game, data analysis, networking and many more.

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A web framework aims to provide a logical structure to help transform your ideas into code. Django and Flask are both free and open source, but Django’s been around a little longer.

Flask’s initial release date is 1 April 2010. They aim to be as simple as can be (but still flexible), and this is reflected in their slogan: “Web development, one drop at a time”.

Django has been around since 2005, and consequently, has more version releases. They call themselves “the web framework for perfectionists with deadlines” and promise to make it easier to “build better web apps more quickly and with less code”.

A Quick Comparison Between Flask and Django

flask or django for beginner
Google Trends of Flask and Django

Functionality

Django

Django offers more functionality than Flask and is considerably more complicated. When working with this framework, you’ll find that it’s quite opinionated on how things should be done. While this provides some clarity on certain implementations, Flask gives you more flexibility.

It may be faster to get a standard web app up and running with Django, because it gives you a lot right out of the box. Django advocates themselves as batteries included because they wrap complex but commonly used processes into simple tools. All you have to do is call a tool and Django does the rest.

The tools are located in their contrib packages, and consist of:
  • Administration application
  • A fully functioning ORM
  • Authentication framework
  • URL routing
  • Redirect manager
  • HTTP libraries
  • middleware
  • and many more

Things can become confusing because you didn’t write all that code yourself, but it’s great if you’re required to get something working quickly.


Flask

Flask doesn’t do as much as Django, but a lot of functionality can be added by simply installing extensions. These include, but are not limited to, form creation, ORM support, and rate limiting.

Its basic function is to allow you to map routes to Python functions. Template rendering and sessions are also some functionalities initially included.

Since you’ll be writing everything your program does yourself, Flask can be better to get started quickly and truly understand what your app is doing. It’s also a great choice if you want to experiment or write things that are less well-defined and unable to fit Django’s rigid framework.

Setup & Installation

Both frameworks can be easily installed using pip. Django would be easier to install and set up if you’re a beginner. It presents you with all the essential guides and generated files upon installation, which involves running a built-in command to create a project.

Flask is a better option for the individual who wants flexible development because it must be manually configured and requires more time. However, it’s considerably simpler to run than Django. Flask provides thorough manuals on everything from installation to deployment. They also include quick start instructions and an in-depth tutorial, but all-in-all there’s less documentation than for Django.

Structure & Routing

Flask incorporates an arbitrary structure while Django makes use of a conventional project structure. When compared, Django is the more rigid structure. If you make a project with Flask and it grows, you might eventually end up with a structure similar to Django.

Routing is another aspect to be considered when choosing a Python web framework because routes are necessary when application requests are processed. When processing requests and matching routes, Django uses Path function. It is their lates improvement from Regex, their previous routing system.

Flask on the other hand, sets most of the URIs by using route() decorator and offers quite straightforward extraction of URL parameters.

Templating

Every web app needs a front end (user interface) to let users interact with the system. Generally, styles with CCS, the interface consists of static HTML pages. Web apps require a dynamic way to generate HTML because they aren’t static websites.

Jinja2 is an advanced and creator-friendly templating language for Python. Both Flask and Django support template responses, Jinja2 resources, and context processors.

Community & Support

Sometimes, when experiencing an issue, you’d like to get a second opinion or call in some help from the experts. Therefore, the available support and documentation should be considered before choosing a framework.

Flask’s community is much smaller than Django’s and it’s simply because Flask is a newer framework with less initial complications. Both communities, however, offer sufficient help and you’ll also get a lot from available documentation.

Major Projects

Where projects are concerned, both structures have been involved in large ventures. Instagram, Pinterest, Disqus and Bitbucket are some of the most well-known platforms powered by Django. Pinterest then switched to Flask for its API.

Netflix, Uber, and LinkedIn are some other projects using Flask. Essentially, Django tends to be used as the main framework for many applications and Flask is frequently used just for APIs.

Flask or Django

Flask and Django are two Python web frameworks that have very different concept and structure. While Flask provides absolute simplicity and flexibility, Django suplies almost all common tools in their packages.

Flask is easier to learn and therefore it becomes a good starting point to study the web development in Python. You will advance your understanding of Python programming when you get your hand dirty typing additional Flask features. In contrast, Django allows rapid application development, but you’ll need a really good understanding of Python programming. Django allows you to focus on the resulting product and works best for straightforward applications that must be developed quickly.

You must also consider that both frameworks is not only the most popular Python web frameworks, they are also the most sought after skills by many tech companies. It will surely gratifying if you are skillful with the two frameworks.

My experience learning Flask and Django suggests me that it’s best to go with Flask first. You won't confront a steep learning curve like when you take Django as your first web framework. You will add complexity to this bare-bones framework only when it is necessary, or simply attach them from available add-ons.

When you are absolutely confidence building web apps with Flask and ready to move to Django, you are already comprehend more advance Python and web framework. You will appreciate the batteries included philosophy in Django, learn this framework fairly effortlessly and build an app rapidly.


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